Enhancing Engine Starting Performance Using High-Power Density Brushless Starter 2020-01-0459
Modern hybrid technologies, especially mild and micro-hybrids with auto start/stop feature, demand a starter with higher power, better performance and longer life than conventional brush-type starters. In this paper, a new starter design using a brushless motor is proposed. This improves the engine crank performance during autostarts due to lower inertia, higher torque and wider power band capability of the brushless motor, especially at higher speeds. The overall integrated system includes the motor, inverter and controller all packaged in the same form factor of the original starter housing as a “drop-in replacement”. The prototype starter motor is designed to operate at 48V with a peak power of 4kW but can be designed to operate at the standard 12V. This paper will describe in detail the functionalities of the overall system and the simulation and experimental results of the prototype that was tested on a 4-cylinder engine in a production crossover vehicle.