A Robust Cargo Box Structure Development Using DFSS Methodology 2020-01-0601
A cargo box is a key structure in a pickup truck which is used to hold various items. Therefore, a cargo box must be durable and robust under different ballast conditions when subjected to road load inputs. This paper discusses a Design for Six Sigma (DFSS) approach to improve the durability of cargo box panel in its early development phase. Traditional methods and best practices resulted in multiple iterations without an obvious solution. Hence, DFSS tools were proposed to find a robust and optimum solution. Key control factors/design parameters were identified, and L18 Orthogonal Array was chosen to optimize design using CAE tools. The optimum design selected was the one with the minimum stress level and the least stress variation. This design was confirmed to have significant improvement and robustness compared to the initial design. DFSS identified load paths which helped teams finally come up with integrated shear plate to resolve the durability concern. All other load cases were also checked and verified without concern for the final design.