Influence of Intensity, Duration and Spectral Characteristics on Glare Recovery for Peripheral Visibility 2020-01-0632
Vehicle forward lighting can use a multiplicity of light sources each varying in their spectral characteristics. Present standards for low beam headlight performance also allow variability in the peak intensities that drivers can be exposed to, as well as the durations of those exposures. Previous research has led to mixed results regarding whether the spectral distribution of a headlight source influences the length of time the visual system needs to recover the ability to see objects that might present hazards along the roadway. One recent study showed that the integrated light dose (intensity × duration) but not the spectral distribution impacted recovery times for targets presented in a constant, known location, where they would be viewed with the fovea. An experiment was carried out to assess whether the spectral distribution of a glare source might differentially impact one's ability to see a target using peripheral vision when the location of the target is not known. The findings indicate that a light source with greater short-wavelength light output resulted in longer recovery times when matched for light dose to a source with less short-wavelength light output. The implications of these findings are discussed.