Prediction of the variation on Steering Wheel Shimmy due to Tangential and Radial Force variation of the tyres. 2020-01-0650
The objective of this work is to develop a process that predicts the amount of Steering wheel shimmy in a vehicle due to the tangential and radial force variation in the Tyre/Wheel assembly. Steering wheel shimmy is defined as the torsional oscillation of the steering wheel. The tangential and radial force variation was modelled based on test data and applied on the wheels as excitation. Variation of these forces with the vehicle velocity had to be considered. The various factors that affect shimmy were then established. These factors were then divided into two categories – Geometric and Non-Geometric. A DOE was done, while considering the manufacturing variations, to study the sensitivity of those factors on shimmy. The DOE results were used to fit a statistical model that predicts the shimmy velocity while considering the factors as inputs. The statistical model was then considered for a Montecarlo simulation to estimate a possible distribution of shimmy velocity. A Normal or Weibull distribution was considered for the MonteCarlo Simulation for each of the factors in the DOE study. This distribution was then compared against a target. The target was defined such that the Vehicle and suspension design has to be robust enough to withstand the manufacturing variations of the factors effecting shimmy. Using the statistical model approach, another process was created that helped in setting design limits to the contributing factors early in the vehicle development process.