Design Considerations for Lightweighting with Ductile Iron Castings 2020-01-0656
There are many opportunities for lightweighting with ductile iron castings. Current research shows ductile iron castings free of massive carbides can be achieved at under 2 mm (0.080”) through alloying or process changes which means that significant weight reductions are possible. In fact, for aluminum components over 4 mm thick, ductile iron may provide lightweighting opportunities at a cost savings. However, the conventional guidelines for casting design are inadequate when using ductile iron at dimensions less than the typical machine stock. This paper will discuss the current research on thin walled ductile iron, when it is superior to aluminum, design considerations, and current DOE SBIR funded research efforts to address these inadequacies. Research results on efforts to quantify and improve surface roughness in expanded polystyrene for lost foam casting are also discussed.