Browse Publications Technical Papers 2020-01-0657
2020-04-14

Calibration and Parametric Investigations on Lean NOx Trap and Particulate Filter Models for a Light Duty Diesel Engine 2020-01-0657

To comply with the stringent future emission mandates of light-duty diesel engines, it is essential to deploy a suitable combination of emission control devices like diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC), diesel particulate filter (DPF) and DeNOx converter (LNT or SCR). Arriving at optimum size and layout of these emission control devices for a particular engine through experiments is both time and cost-intensive. Thus, it becomes important to develop suitable well-tuned simulation models that can be helpful to optimize individual emission control devices as well as arrive at an optimal layout for achieving higher conversion efficiency at a minimal cost.
Towards this objective, the present work intends to develop a one-dimensional Exhaust After Treatment Devices (EATD) model using a commercial code. The model parameters are fine-tuned based on experimental data. The EATD model is then validated with experiment data that are not used for tuning the model. Subsequently, the model was used for studying the effects of geometrical parameters of the after-treatment devices like diameter and length on the conversion efficiency and the pressure drop. The experimental investigations are done in a single-cylinder light-duty diesel engine currently used in Indian market fitted with a Lean NOx Trap (LNT), Diesel Oxidation Catalyst (DOC) and Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF). From the Indian Driving Cycle (IDC) cycle, 8 representative operating conditions were chosen and experiments were conducted at steady state at these conditions. The chemical kinetic parameters, friction loss and heat transfer coefficient of the one-dimensional model were tuned using five of the 8 experimental data sets. The remaining three data sets were used to validate the predictions with no further tuning. The model could predict the conversion efficiency, pressure drop and outlet temperature with better accuracy. The calibrated model was then used to predict the effect of geometrical parameters. The effects of varying length and diameter of the EATD were studied with this calibrated model. The results obtained show that increasing the diameter is more effective than increasing the length for enhanced conversion efficiency and reduced pressure drop across LNT. For LNT, increasing the diameter by 5% and reducing the length by 10% compared to the existing design, results in a 1% reduction in volume, an 11% increase in pressure drop with 1.6% higher conversion efficiency. For cDPF, increasing the diameter by 10% and reducing the length by 10% results in a 9% increase in volume, a 17% reduction in pressure drop with 1.5% higher conversion efficiency. Thus, the current model and methodology can be used for optimizing the size of EATD.

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