Browse Publications Technical Papers 2020-01-0874

Morphing an Existing Open Source Human Body Model into a Personalized Model for Seating Discomfort Investigation 2020-01-0874

Computational finite element (FE) human body models (HBM) are used to estimate internal loads and soft tissue deformation, which cannot be easily measured experimentally, for seating discomfort investigation. However, most existing models only represent a limited number of body sizes and postures and cannot be easily personalized and repositioned, which limits their applicability. In recent years, an open source software package has been developed within the European project PIPER (available at to help personalize and to position an HBM used for crash injury simulation. In addition to the personalizing and positioning tools, a child model has also been developed and is also now available. The present study aims to derive an adult male HBM to study seating discomfort from the PIPER Child model using the PIPER personalizing tools and information with external body shape and partial internal skeleton of an adult as targets. The paper describes how the adult male model was derived and the main difficulties encountered. We also discussed the perspectives about using such an approach to create differently sized sitters in multiple postures for seating discomfort assessment.


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