Diagnostic Evaluation of Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) System on Gasoline Electric Hybrid Vehicle 2020-01-0902
Diagnosing the Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) Valve remains one of the most challenging problems in emissions control systems diagnostics. California Air Resources Board (CARB) has started imposing specific requirements on automotive companies since 2011 that required the integration of on-board diagnostics (OBD) monitor for the detection and reporting of this type of control malfunction. In this paper, some methodologies of EGR valve system monitoring are investigated and a novel approach is proposed that shows reliable detection capability compared to the other methods. The proposed method requires certain conditions during deceleration fuel shutoff events to intrusively reactivate the EGR system and determine the obstructed valve condition. The method was evaluated on a 2.5L iVCT engine in an experimental Ford Escape Full Hybrid Electric vehicle. Vehicle results are shown and discussed.