Robust Assessment of Automotive Door Structure by Considering Manufacturing Variations 2020-01-0910
The automotive door structure experience various static and dynamic loading conditions while going through an opening and closing operation. A typical swing door is attached to the body with two hinges and a check strap. These mechanisms carry the loads while the door is opened. Similarly, while closing the door, the latch/striker mechanism along with the seal around the periphery of the door react all loads. Typically, computer aided engineering (CAE) simulations are performed considering a nominal manufacturing (or build) tolerance condition, that results in one loading scenario. But while assembling the door with the body, the build variations in door mechanisms mentioned above can result in different loading scenarios and it should be accounted for design evaluation.
This paper discusses various build tolerances and its effect on door durability performances to achieve a robust door design.