Direct Yaw Moment Control of Electric Vehicle with 4 In-Wheel Motors to Improve Handling and Stability 2020-01-0993
More and more OEMs are interested in in-wheel-motor drive vehicles. One of the in-wheel-motor drive vehicle key technologies is multi-motor torque distribution. A direct yaw moment control strategy for torque distribution was introduced in this paper to improve 4 in-wheel-motor electric vehicle’s handling and stability. The control method consists of three components: feedback control based on target yaw rate, feedforward control based on current lateral acceleration and deceleration control based on under/oversteer situation. Feedback control is used to make vehicle’s real yaw rate following the driver’s target yaw rate and improve vehicle yaw rate response and stability. The target yaw rate is calculated by 2DOF vehicle model and limited by lateral acceleration and vehicle current steering condition. The feedforward control is used to increase the vehicle yaw rate gain and reduce the vehicle understeer characteristic when accelerating in a curve. The deceleration control can reduce the driving torque of each motor to slow down the vehicle when in critical steering condition. The proposed control strategy was verified by an in-wheel-motor drive electric vehicle test and the experiment result showed that it can reduce vehicle understeer characteristic in steady steering condition, improve vehicle yaw rate response in transient steering condition and enhance vehicle steering stability in critical steering condition.