3-Dimensional Numerical Simulation on CuO Nanofluids as Heat Transfer Medium for Diesel Engine Cooling System 2020-01-1109
CuO-water nanofluids was utilized as heat transfer medium in the cooling system of the diesel engine. By using CFD-Fluent software, for 0.5%, 1%, 3% and 5% mass concentration of nanofluids, 3-dimensional numerical simulation about flow and heat transfer process in the cooling system of engine was actualized. According to stochastic particle tracking in turbulent flow, for solid-liquid two phase flow discrete phase, the moving track of nanoparticles was traced. By this way, for CuO nanoparticles of different mass concentration nanofliuds in the cooling jacket of diesel engine, the results of the concentration distribution, velocity distribution, internal energy variation, resident time, total heat transfer and variation of total pressure reduction between inlet and outlet were ascertained. It is proved by simulation results that nanofluids as heat transfer medium can evidently enhance diesel engine heat transfer capability, when the concentration of nanoparticles increases, the enhancement of heat transfer capacity increases, power loss of water pump also increases in small scale, the relativity between the average resident time of CuO nanoparticles and CuO nanoparticles concentration is not clear in cooling jacket, the relativity between heat transfer efficiency of CuO nanoparticles and nanofliuds flow velocity is not clear.