Browse Publications Technical Papers 2020-01-1333
2020-04-14

A primary study on the restraint system of self-driving car 2020-01-1333

Due to the variation of compartment design and occupant’s postures in the self-driving car, there is a new and major challenge for occupant protection. In particular, the studies on occupant restraint systems used in the self-driving car has significantly delayed compared to the development of the autonomous technologies. In this paper, a numerical study was conducted to investigate the protective effects of the mainstream restraint systems (3-points belt with airbag or 4-points belt with airbag) on the driver in three different scenarios (driving with a seat angle of 110°, half-reclining resting with a seat angle of 135°, and reclining resting with a seat angle of 160°) . It can be found that in the simulation results: 1. All the restraint systems are capable of providing effective protection for the driving driver and the restraint system with 4-points belt has advantages due to its better protective effect on the occupant thorax; 2. When the driver is half-reclining or reclining resting, the head HIC36, neck Nij and chest compression are about 827-958, 0.62-0.88, and 66-68 mm, respectively; These values are higher than those of a driving driver by 60%-85% for HIC36, 113%-203% for neck Nij , and 65%-66% for chest compression, respectively. 3. There are obvious occupant who dives in the half-reclining and reclining resting scenarios. This study shows that the mainstream restraint system cannot meet the safety requirements for occupants with multi-postures in the self-driving car and the smart restraint system which can be actively adjusted for occupant’s posture when necessary.

SAE MOBILUS

Subscribers can view annotate, and download all of SAE's content. Learn More »

Access SAE MOBILUS »

Attention: This item is not yet published. Pre-Order to be notified, via email, when it becomes available.
Members save up to 18% off list price.
Login to see discount.
Special Offer: With TechSelect, you decide what SAE Technical Papers you need, when you need them, and how much you want to pay.
X