In-vehicle diagnostic system for prognostics and OTA updates of automated / autonomous vehicles. 2020-01-1373
The E/E architecture of a modern passenger car consist of a central connectivity gateway that comes with an interface to the legally required OBD connector (SAE J1978), to domain controllers and to a Telematic Control Unit (TCU). The TCU supports 4G or 5G and provides the wireless connection to the cloud. The domain controllers are connected to the gateway via 2-wire Ethernet with a star topology, whereby the domain controllers act as gateways to CAN FD bus systems. The interface to the wired OBD connector supports both OBD/UDS on CAN and UDS on IP.
The new E/E system comes with increased self-diagnostic capabilities. They automatically perform tests, log diagnostic data and push such data for prognostics purposes to the cloud. They also support over-the-air (OTA) updates.
This paper describes the components of an E/E system that is equipped with an in-vehicle diagnostic tester. The tester consists of standardized components, including MVCI D-Server (ISO 22900), ODX (ISO 22901), OTX (ISO 13209) and UDS on IP (ISO 14229-5). The paper includes a description of cybersecurity measures to protect the vehicle against malicious attacks.
Peter Subke, Muzafar Moshref, Julian Erber