Effect of Jet-Jet Angle on Combustion Process of Diesel Spray in an RCEM 2020-01-2058
The effects of jet-jet angle on the combustion process were investigated in an optical accessible rapid compression and expansion machine (RCEM) under various injection conditions and intake oxygen concentrations. The RCEM was equipped with an asymmetric six-hole nozzle having jet-jet angles of 30° and 45°. High-speed OH* chemiluminescence imaging and direct photo imaging using the Mie scattering method captured the transient evolution of the spray flame, characterized by lift-off length and liquid length. The RCEM operated at 1200 rpm. The injection timing was -5°ATDC, and the in-cylinder pressure and temperature were 6.1 MPa and 780 K at the injection timing, respectively, which achieved a short ignition delay. The effects of injection pressure, nozzle hole diameter, and oxygen concentration were investigated. The results show that the liquid and lift-off length of the jet-jet angle of 30° were shorter than those of the jet-jet angle of 45°, irrespective of injection conditions and oxygen concentration. Particularly, when the injection rate was high with high injection pressure and a large nozzle hole, the liquid and lift-off length rapidly and simultaneously decreased, but when the injection pressure was low or the nozzle hole diameter was small, the lift-off length decreased first, and then the liquid length decreased.