Browse Publications Technical Papers 2020-01-2173

Hydrogen Selective Catalytic Reduction of Nitrogen Oxide on Pt- and Pd-Based Catalysts for Lean-Burn Automobile Applications 2020-01-2173

The utilization of H2 to catalytically treat NO emissions under lean-burn engine exhaust conditions was studied on Pt- and Pd-containing catalysts supported on CeO2 and MgO. The catalytic performance was examined using a fixed-bed reactor whose dry effluent gas stream was analyzed by an online FTIR analyzer. The catalysts NO conversion and N2 selectivity were measured in the range of 125-3000C with a feed gas composition of 0.05%NO/1%H2/10%O2/N2. The CeO2-based catalysts exhibited higher NO conversion, and the most effective catalyst was Pd/CeO2, with a conversion of 67% and selectivity of 70% near 2300C. The prepared solids were characterized using different techniques (BET, ICP-OES, CO pulse chemisorption, STEM, EELS and EDS) to correlate the structural and morphological properties of the metallic phase and the support with the catalytic activity. CeO2 is a more effective support as it yields higher metal dispersion and better facilitates the reduction of the Pt and Pd catalysts.


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