Research on Life Cycle of Typical Passenger Vehicles Based on Energy Structure 2020-01-5187
Based on the principle of carbon footprint, this paper selects typical passenger cars, such as internal combustion engine vehicles (ICEV), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) and battery electric vehicles (BEV) in the market of China as the research objects, and compares the energy consumption and carbon emissions of the three vehicle models in the whole life cycle for three major stages of manufacturing, driving and recycling in three representative cities. The results show that the manufacturing energy consumption of BEV is 5 times of HEV and 10 times of ICEV. For the BEV, only after driving a certain mileage it can be a less the unit energy consumption and emissions than ICEV. The whole life cycle carbon emissions of passenger cars with different power types is not only related to mileage, but also related to the energy structure of local electric power supply. When the proportion of clean electricity is less than 32%, the whole life cycle carbon emissions of electric vehicles are always higher than ICEV.