Browse Publications Technical Papers 2021-01-0001
2021-03-02

Numerical Simulation of Aircraft Assembly Process with Presence of Sealant 2021-01-0001

Sealant is applied between joined aircraft parts in the final stage of the assembly, before installation of permanent fasteners. In this paper a novel approach for aircraft assembly simulation is suggested, which allows to resolve the transient interaction between parts and sealant in the course of airframe assembly process. The simulation incorporates such phenomena as compliance of parts, contact interaction between them and fluidity of sealant with presence of free surface. The approach based on fluid-structure interaction techniques consists of two basic steps: at the first one the pressure of sealant is found after corresponding fluid dynamics problem is solved and at the second the displacements of parts and sealant are calculated through the solving of contact problem. Iterations between structural and fluid dynamics solvers are performed to achieve convergence. The developed approach is demonstrated on example of joining of two test aircraft panels. The viscosity of sealant was selected based on available experimental data. The results of simulations show how such parameters as fastening force and sealant layer thickness affect the assembly process.

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