Intelligent Deceleration Energy-Saving Control Strategy for Electric Vehicle 2021-01-0123
In order to improve the vehicle economy of electric vehicles, this paper first analyzes the energy-saving mechanism of electric vehicles. Taking the energy consumption of the deceleration process as a starting point, this paper deeply analyzes the energy consumption of the deceleration process under several different control modes by the test data, so as to obtain two principles that should be followed in energy-saving control strategy. Then, an intelligent deceleration energy-saving control strategy by getting the forward vehicle information is developed. The overall architecture of the control strategy consists of three parts: information processing, target calculation and torque control. The first part is mainly to obtain the forward vehicle information from the perception systems, and the user's habits information from big data, and this information is processed for the next part. The second part mainly determines the entry and exit timing of the intelligent deceleration energy-saving control function, and calculates the target deceleration at the same time. The third part is to use PID control algorithm to control the torque, and filter the torque when the function enters and exits. Finally, the function test and road test have been carried out on an electric vehicle, and the results show that the proposed intelligent deceleration energy-saving control strategy can realize automatic deceleration control. And considering the driver's daily driving habits, it could better meet the deceleration expectations of drivers. This automatic control can improve vehicle economy and reduce fatigue caused by frequent braking during driving.