Browse Publications Technical Papers 2021-01-0163
2021-04-06

Assessing the Access to Jobs by Shared Autonomous Vehicles in Marysville, Ohio: Modeling, Simulating and Validating 2021-01-0163

Autonomous vehicles are expected to change our lives with significant applications like on-demand, shared autonomous taxi operations. Considering that most vehicles in a fleet are parked and hence idle resources when they are not used, shared on-demand services can utilize them much more efficiently. While ride hailing of autonomous vehicles is still very costly due to the initial investment, a shared autonomous vehicle fleet can lower its long-term cost such that it becomes economically feasible. This requires the Shared Autonomous Vehicles (SAV) in the fleet to be in operation as much as possible. Motivated by these applications, this paper presents a simulation environment to model and simulate shared autonomous vehicles in a geo-fenced urban setting. To simulate the aforementioned applications, a simulation environment that has a realistic rendering of the chosen real-world environment with realistic traffic generated around the SAVs is developed first using a geo-fenced area centered at the city of Marysville in Ohio as an example. This paper, then, presents an algorithm to optimally utilize multiple autonomous vehicles for shared rides based on modeling of pickup locations corresponding to affordable housing at the periphery of the geo-fenced area connected to destination locations corresponding to jobs and other locations of opportunity. The presented work showcases SAV operation as a solution to the spatial mismatch between affordable housing and job locations in a realistic simulation environment in an urban setting.

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