Assessing the Access to Jobs by Shared Autonomous Vehicles in Marysville, Ohio: Modeling, Simulating and Validating 2021-01-0163
Autonomous vehicles are expected to change our lives with significant applications like on-demand, shared autonomous taxi operations. Considering that most vehicles in a fleet are parked and hence idle resources when they are not used, shared on-demand services can utilize them much more efficiently. While ride hailing of autonomous vehicles is still very costly due to the initial investment, a shared autonomous vehicle fleet can lower its long-term cost such that it becomes economically feasible. This requires the Shared Autonomous Vehicles (SAV) in the fleet to be in operation as much as possible. Motivated by these applications, this paper presents a simulation environment to model and simulate shared autonomous vehicles in a geo-fenced urban setting. To simulate the aforementioned applications, a simulation environment that has a realistic rendering of the chosen real-world environment with realistic traffic generated around the SAVs is developed first using a geo-fenced area centered at the city of Marysville in Ohio as an example. This paper, then, presents an algorithm to optimally utilize multiple autonomous vehicles for shared rides based on modeling of pickup locations corresponding to affordable housing at the periphery of the geo-fenced area connected to destination locations corresponding to jobs and other locations of opportunity. The presented work showcases SAV operation as a solution to the spatial mismatch between affordable housing and job locations in a realistic simulation environment in an urban setting.
Citation: Meneses Cime, K., Cantas, M., Fernandez, P., Aksun Guvenc, B. et al., "Assessing the Access to Jobs by Shared Autonomous Vehicles in Marysville, Ohio: Modeling, Simulating and Validating," SAE Int. J. Adv. & Curr. Prac. in Mobility 3(5):2509-2515, 2021, https://doi.org/10.4271/2021-01-0163. Download Citation
Karina Meneses Cime, Mustafa Ridvan Cantas, Pedro Fernandez, Bilin Aksun Guvenc, Levent Guvenc, Adit Joshi, James Fishelson, Archak Mittal
The Ohio State University, Ford Motor Company
SAE WCX Digital Summit
SAE International Journal of Advances and Current Practices in Mobility-V130-99EJ
Simulation and modeling
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