Browse Publications Technical Papers 2021-01-0308
2021-04-06

Constitutive, Formability, and Fracture Characterization of 3rd Gen AHSS with an Ultimate Tensile Strength of 1180 MPa 2021-01-0308

The superior formability and local ductility of the emerging class of third generation of advanced high-strength steels (3rd Gen AHSS) compared to their conventional counterparts of the same strength level offer significant advantages for automotive lightweighting and enhanced crash performance. Nevertheless, studies on the material behavior of 3rd Gen AHSS have been limited and there is some uncertainty surrounding the applicability of developed methodologies for conventional dual-phase (DP) steels to this new class of AHSS. The present paper provides a comprehensive study on the quasi-static and dynamic constitutive behavior, formability characterization and prediction, and the fracture behavior of two commercial 3rd Gen AHSS with an ultimate strength of 1180 MPa that will be contrasted with a conventional DP1180. The hardening response to large strain levels was determined experimentally using tensile and shear tests and then validated with 3-D simulations of tensile tests. In general, the strain rate sensitivity of the two 3rd Gen AHSS was significantly different as one grade exhibited larger transformation-induced behavior. The in-plane formability of the three 1180 MPa steels determined using Marciniak tests was similar but with a stark contrast in the local formability for the 3rd Gen AHSS. The forming limit curves could be accurately predicted using the experimentally measured hardening behaviour and the modified Bressan-Williams through-thickness shear model. An efficient experimental approach to fracture characterization for AHSS was developed that exploits tool contact and bending to obtain fracture strains on the surface of the specimen by suppressing necking. Miniature conical hole expansion and biaxial punch tests are used along with the VDA 238-100 bend test.

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