Real-World Driving Features for Identifying Intelligent Driver Model Parameters 2021-01-0436
Driver behavior models play a significant role in representing different driving styles and the associated relationships with traffic patterns and vehicle energy consumption in simulation studies. The models often serve as a proxy for baseline human driving when assessing energy-saving strategies that alter vehicle velocity. Such models are especially important in connectivity-enabled energy-saving strategy research because they can easily adapt to changing driving conditions like posted speed limits or change in traffic light state.
While numerous driver models exist, parametric driver models provide the flexibility required to represent variability in real-world driving through different combinations of model parameters. These model parameters must be informed by a representative set of parameter values for the driver model to adequately represent a real-world driver. It stands to reason that determining the parameter values from real-world driving data would serve the purpose of representing a real-world driver. Although the published literature is replete with techniques and consequences of using real-world driving data to determine parameter values for parametric driver models, none have explored them in the context of using shorter driving features where the parameter values may change over the course of a single trip for the same driver.
In this study we consider the “intelligent driver model” (IDM) as our driver behavior model and use real-world driving data from the Transportation Secure Data Center (TSDC) maintained at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). The TSDC includes real-world travel data from across the United States, from which NREL has created a wide range of driving routes consisting of road features such as speed limits, stop locations, and turn locations. The real-world driving data are categorized into different driving regimes and extracted into driving features. The driving features are then used to calibrate the parameter values for the IDM. The distribution of the parameters and the relationships among them are reported. The insights obtained from this study enable judicious usage of IDM or similar parametric driver models to represent baseline human driver behavior in simulations.