Browse Publications Technical Papers 2021-01-0518
2021-04-06

Demonstration of Better than Diesel Efficiency and Soot Emissions using Gasoline Compression Ignition in a Light Duty Engine with a Fuel Pressure Limitation 2021-01-0518

Increasing regulatory demand to reduce CO2 emissions has led to a focus on advanced combustion strategy development to improve overall engine efficiency. Gasoline compression ignition (GCI) has been demonstrated by others to have the potential to meet future CO2 regulations and emissions while achieving comparable to better efficiency than conventional diesel compression ignition (DCI). Soot and NOx emissions are also reduced significantly by using gasoline instead of diesel in compression ignition engines due to differences in composition, fuel properties, and reactivity. In comparison with diesel fuel, gasoline has a higher volatility and more resistance to autoignition, therefore, its longer ignition delay time will allow for better mixing of the air-fuel charge before combustion. In this study, a GCI combustion system has been tested in a Hyundai 2.2L engine as part of a US Department of Energy funded project. A double-injection strategy was tested from mid-to-high loads (5-20 bar BMEP) and for engine speeds in the range of 1200-3000 rpm. Up to 43.4% brake thermal efficiency was achieved using the GCI mode versus 41% using DCI mode. The GCI mode has demonstrated two distinct strategies that work at different load ranges, partially premixed compression ignition (PPCI) and mixing-controlled compression ignition (MCCI). Overall, this study shows that for similar engine-out NOx levels, GCI mode had higher brake thermal efficiency than DCI with lower fuel pressure and EGR required.

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