Browse Publications Technical Papers 2021-24-0047

Laminar Flame Speed Based Optimization of Efficiency and Emissions for Methane-Hydrogen Fueled SI Micro-Generators 2021-24-0047

Within the context of environmental impact reduction for small size spark ignition (SI) engines, especially green-house gas emissions, this study looked at laminar flame speed as an optimization parameter for hydrogen-methane fueled micro-generators. To this aim, SI engine operation was modeled in a 0D/1D simulation framework, so as to identify the best choice of methane-hydrogen ratios in different conditions. Starting from experimental data recorded on a small size engine, an optimization method was implemented for achieving the proposed goal. One of the main conclusions is that high concentrations of hydrogen and resulting fast burn rates are beneficial at high engine speed settings, while the opposite is true at low engine speed. Hydrogen addition was also considered as an additional control margin during lean operation, given that stable combustion can be achieved even with very low equivalence ratios. This aspect was closely correlated to limits imposed by non-road emission standards.


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