Mobile Safety Application for Pedestrians Utilizing P2V Communication over Bluetooth 2022-01-0155
Vulnerable Road User (VRU) safety has been an important issue throughout the years as corresponding fatality numbers in traffic have been increasing each year. With the developments in connected vehicle technology, there are new and easier ways of implementing Vehicle to Everything (V2X) communication which can be utilized to provide safety and early warning benefits for VRUs. Mobile phones are one important point of interest with their sensors being increased in quantity and quality and improved in terms of accuracy. Bluetooth and extended Bluetooth technology in mobile phones has enhanced support to carry larger chunks of information to longer distances. The work we discuss in this paper is related to a mobile application that utilizes the mobile phone sensors and Bluetooth communication to implement Personal Safety Message (PSM) broadcast using the SAE J2735 standard to create a Pedestrian to Vehicle (P2V) based safety warning structure. This implementation allows the drivers to receive a warning on their mobile phones and be more careful about the pedestrian intending to cross the street. As a result, the driver has much more time to safely slow down and stop at the intersection. Most importantly, thanks to the wireless nature of Bluetooth connection and long-range mode in Bluetooth 5.0, most dangerous cases such as reduced visibility or No-Line-of-Sight (NLOS) conditions can be remedied.