Fatigue Endurance Limit of Fasteners in Automotive Application 2022-01-0260
Fasteners, commonly used in automotive industry, play an important role in the safety and reliability of the vehicle structural system. In practical application, bolted joints would never undergo fully reversed loading; there always will be positive mean stress on bolt. The mean stress has little influence on the fatigue life if the maximum stress is lower than a threshold which is near the yield stress of the bolt. However, when the sum of the mean stress and the stress amplitude exceeds the threshold, the endurance limit stress amplitude decreases fast as the mean stress increases. The purpose of this paper is to research the fatigue endurance limit of a fastener and establish the threshold for safe design in automotive application. In order to obtain the fatigue endurance limit at different mean stress levels, various mechanical tests were performed on M12x1.75 and M16x1.5 Class 10.9 fasteners using MTS test systems. Results show that the fatigue failure mode of a bolt is different from that of uniaxial tensile failure mode while the fatigue endurance limit curves of the two specific fasteners are very similar. Through this study, a safe fastener design zone is proposed for automotive bolted joint design.