Browse Publications Technical Papers 2022-01-0442

Experimental and Analytical Study of Temperature Swing Piston Coatings in a Medium-Duty Diesel Engine 2022-01-0442

The use of Thermal Barrier Coatings (TBCs) has been shown to be a promising technology to improve internal combustion engine efficiencies by reducing heat rejection to the coolant and oil. In recent studies, temperature swing coatings that have simultaneously low volumetric heat capacity and low thermal conductivity have been shown to be particularly promising in this regard. In this study, a traditional and a newer swing coating are applied to the piston of an on-road medium-duty diesel engine to assess the benefits of their use. An analytical wall temperature model is coupled to the 1-D engine simulation software GT-POWER and predictions of wall temperature, heat transfer and chemical heat release rate are presented. The swing coating is found to yield an ~1.2% efficiency benefit at the highest load condition studied alongside an 80°C improvement in exhaust temperature at the lowest load condition studied compared to a reference uncoated piston. Further, the traditional TBC was not found to have a significant efficiency advantage over the reference uncoated piston, highlighting the promise of the swing coating in improving the thermal efficiency of on-road diesel engines.


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