Browse Publications Technical Papers 2022-01-0686

Development of Safety Performance for FC Stack in the New Toyota FCEV 2022-01-0686

The new Toyota Mirai hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) was launched in December 2020. Achieving a low-cost, high-performance FC stack is an important objective in FCEV development. At the same time, it is also necessary to ensure vehicle safety. This paper presents an overview of the safety requirements for onboard FC stacks. It also describes the simulation and evaluation methods for the following matters related to the FC stack. i) Impact force resistance: The FC stack was designed to prevent cell layer slippage due to impact. Constraint force between the cell layers is provided by the frictional force between the cells and an external constraint. A simulation of the behavior of the cell layers under impact force was developed. The impact force resistance was confirmed by an impact loading test. ii) Hydrogen safety: The FC stack was designed so that permeated hydrogen is ventilated and the hydrogen concentration is kept below the standard. In addition, as a fail-safe measure, the stack case is equipped with relief plugs to help prevent hazardous damage even if hydrogen gas is ignited. A hydrogen combustion simulation was developed for the above design. A hydrogen ignition test confirmed that the pressure relief plugs prevent hazardous case scattering.


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