PHEV Energy Management Optimization Based on Multi-Island Genetic Algorithm 2022-01-0739
The plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) gradually moves into the mainstream market with its excellent power and energy consumption control, and has become the research target of many researchers. The energy management strategy of plug-in hybrid vehicles is more complicated than conventional gasoline vehicles. Therefore, there are still many problems to be solved in terms of power source distribution and energy saving and emission reduction. This research proposes a new solution and realizes it through simulation optimization, which improves the energy consumption and emission problems of PHEV to a certain extent. First, on the basis that MATLAB software has completed the modeling of the key components of the vehicle, the fuzzy controller of the vehicle is established considering the principle of the joint control of the engine and the electric motor. Afterwards, based on the Isight and ADVISOR co-simulation platform, with the goal of ensuring certain dynamic performance and optimal fuel economy of the vehicle, the multi-island genetic algorithm is used to optimize the parameters of the membership function of the fuzzy control strategy to overcome it to a certain extent. The disadvantages of selecting parameters based on experience are compensated for, and the efficiency and feasibility of fuzzy control are improved. Finally, the PHEV vehicle model simulation comparison was carried out under the UDDS working condition through ADVISOR software. The optimization results show that while ensuring the required power performance, the vehicle fuzzy controller after parameter optimization using the multi-island genetic algorithm is more efficient, which can significantly reduce vehicle fuel consumption and improve exhaust emissions.