Browse Publications Technical Papers 2022-01-0884

Development of a Prediction Model for Tire Tread Pattern Noise Based on Convolutional Neural Network with RMSProp Algorithm 2022-01-0884

Tire tread pattern noise is a major source of road noise generated by motor vehicles. Recently, noise control technology has been developing, and low-noise motor vehicles, such as electric vehicles and hybrid vehicles, have been commercialized. The importance of low-noise tires has increased since regulations R117 for tire noise and R51.03 for motor vehicle noise have been strengthened. To evaluate the tire noise in the development stage of motor vehicles, finished products of tires are required; hence, financial and time costs should be invested. Therefore, it is highly useful to predict tire noise levels in the early stages. Recently, a technology to predict the tire pattern noise using a supervised training method of artificial neural network (ANN) has been developed. The tire tread depth is estimated using the shading of the full image of the actual tire, and the leading edge of the contact patch is calculated using tire contact patch images. This method creates an artificial intelligence learning model by scanning the entire tire image with the leading edge, making input factors by Gaussian curve fitting of the tread profile spectrum and air volume velocity spectrum according to the tire rotation speed and evaluating the vehicle road noise. However, because this method requires finished products of tires, it is difficult to use it for prediction in the early stage. In this study, a convolutional neural network based on the unsupervised training method was developed to predict the tire tread pattern noise. The prediction results of applying two learning algorithms, SGD and RMSProp, to the CNN model showed that the RMSProp algorithm displayed a good predictive power in the CNN model. The tire pattern image to be designed was used as the input of the CNN model. The pattern noises of 28 tires were measured in coast-down condition of R117 on the ISO10844 certified road surface, and pattern images were scanned. The tread pattern noises and pattern images for 24 tires were used for the ANN and CNN, and trained ANN and CNN models were used for the verification of the remaining four untrained tires. Two training models were successfully developed and verified for the prediction of tire tread pattern noise. The trained CNN model can be used to predict the tire tread pattern noise in the early stage using only drawn tire images. Furthermore, the ANN model can be used to predict the pattern noise of actual tires in the developing stage, and it was verified by the actual mold design.


Subscribers can view annotate, and download all of SAE's content. Learn More »


Members save up to 16% off list price.
Login to see discount.
Special Offer: Download multiple Technical Papers each year? TechSelect is a cost-effective subscription option to select and download 12-100 full-text Technical Papers per year. Find more information here.
We also recommend:

Non-Invasive Real Time Error State Detection for Tractors Using Smart Phone Sensors & Machine Learning


View Details


Noise analysis and modeling with neural networks and genetic algorithms


View Details


An Investigation of Aerodynamic Characteristics of Two Bluff Bodies in Close Longitudinal Proximity – Sensitivity to Front-End Geometry


View Details