Study of Key Attributes of Sustainability of Automobile Solutions in India 2022-28-0313
The changing mobility landscape of India reveals that the erstwhile transport modes of the 20th century i.e., railways and road buses are making way for airlines, personal vehicles, shared mobility, metro rails. Rapid technological changes, stricter regulations, new transport cultures autonomous, connected, electric and shared (ACES), state-of-the-art and environmental concerns are shaping up the eco-system for automobiles. Despite these challenges roadways and automobiles will continue to be most prominent solution in India for future. But for that, the automobile sector should be agile, innovative, and adaptable to changing eco-system, vigilant to thwart threat of alternate mobility solutions and must provide sustainable solutions for the future.
The purpose of this paper to evaluate various mobility solutions, ascertain prominence of upcoming automobile solutions and their sustainability for future in India. A systems engineering approach has been adopted to the eco-system influencing sustainable automobile solutions, for identifying the key attributes (drivers and barriers) and validating the resultant V-model. Data was collected from extensive literature review and questionnaire surveys conducted in India and a hybrid MCDM (multi criteria decision making) technique, suitable for the hierarchical and interdependent attributes, was adopted to arrive at the rankings of the key attributes in relation to sustainable automobile solutions.