Browse Publications Technical Papers 2023-01-0282

Investigation of Premixed Fuel Composition and Pilot Reactivity Impact on Diesel Pilot Ignition in a Single-Cylinder Compression Ignition Engine 2023-01-0282

This work experimentally investigates the impact of premixed fuel composition (methane/ethane, methane/propane, and methane/hydrogen mixtures having equivalent chemical energy) and pilot reactivity (cetane number) on diesel-pilot injection (DPI) combustion performance and emissions, with an emphasis on the pilot ignition delay (ID). To support the experimental pilot ignition delay trends, an analysis technique known as Mixing Line Concept (MLC) was adopted, where the cold diesel surrogate and hot premixed charge are envisioned to mix in a 0-D constant volume reactor to account for DPI mixture stratification. The results show that the dominant effect on pilot ignition is the pilot fuel cetane number, and that the premixed fuel composition plays a minor role. There is some indication of a physical effect on ignition for cases containing premixed hydrogen. The results also show that the HC and CO emissions for the methane/ethane and methane/propane mixtures decrease despite an increase in the molar carbon content of the fuel with substitution of methane. For the methane/hydrogen mixture, the decrease is caused by both the reduction in carbon content and the improvement in background mixture reactivity.


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