Browse Publications Technical Papers 2024-01-2288

Evaluation of Semi-Active Vehicle Suspension System Performance Incorporating Magnetorheological Damper Using Optimized Feedback Controller Based on State-Derivative 2024-01-2288

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the efficiency of a quarter car semi-active suspension system with the state-derivative feedback controller using the Bouc-Wen model for magneto-rheological fluids. The magnetorheological (MR) dampers are classified as adaptive devices because of their characteristics can be easily modified by applying a controlled voltage signal. Semi-active suspension with MR dampers combines the benefits of active and passive suspension systems. The dynamic system captures the basic performance of the suspension, including seat travel distance, body acceleration, passenger acceleration, suspension travel distance, dynamic tire deflection and damping force. With minimal reliance on the use of sensors, the investigation aims to improve ride comfort and vehicle stability. In this study, the state derivative feedback controller and Genetic algorithm (GA) is utilized to improve the performance of semi-active suspension system. Moreover, the cost is reduced compared to the passive suspension and the active suspension systems in which sensors and actuators are used. The performance of the semi-active suspension is represented by applying the road profile to the system. This is accomplished by simulating and analyzing system performance using MATLAB and SIMULINK. Initial results show an improvement in the semi-active system, which includes both the passive suspension system without any control system and the active suspension system with a PID controller.


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