Browse Publications Technical Papers 2024-01-2325

A Survey of Vehicle Dynamics Models for Autonomous Driving 2024-01-2325

Autonomous driving technology is more and more important nowadays, it has been changing the living style of our society. As for autonomous driving planning and control, vehicle dynamics has strong nonlinearity and uncertainty, so vehicle dynamics and control is one of the most challenging parts. At present, many kinds of specific vehicle dynamics models have been proposed, this review attempts to give an overview of the state of the art of vehicle dynamics models for autonomous driving. Firstly, this review starts from the simple geometric model, vehicle kinematics model, dynamic bicycle model, double-track vehicle model and multi degree of freedom (DOF) dynamics model, and discusses the specific use of these classical models for autonomous driving state estimation, trajectory prediction, motion planning, motion control and so on. Secondly, data driven or AI based vehicle models have been reviewed, and their specific applications in automatic driving and their modeling and training processes are introduced. At the end of this review, the advantages and disadvantages of these vehicle models are summarized, and the future research directions and possible explorations are discussed to guide readers.


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