Browse Publications Technical Papers 2024-01-2508

Vehicle Seat Occupancy Detection and Classification Using Capacitive Sensing 2024-01-2508

Improving passenger safety inside vehicle cabins requires continuously monitoring vehicle seat occupancy statuses. Monitoring a vehicle seat’s occupancy status includes detecting if the seat is occupied and classifying the seat’s occupancy type. This paper introduces an innovative non-intrusive technique that employs capacitive sensing and an occupancy classifier to monitor a vehicle seat’s occupancy status. Capacitive sensing is facilitated by a meticulously constructed capacitance-sensing mat that easily integrates with any vehicle seat. When a passenger or an inanimate object occupies a vehicle seat equipped with the mat, they will induce variations in the mat’s internal capacitances. The variations are, in turn, represented pictorially as grayscale capacitance-sensing images (CSI), which yield the feature vectors the classifier requires to classify the seat’s occupancy type. This paper details the working of the proposed technique in monitoring vehicle seat occupancy statuses non-intrusively and presents experimental results to validate the technique’s effectiveness in meeting performance expectations.


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