Browse Publications Technical Papers 2024-28-0001
2024-10-17

Powertrain NVH optimization of single cylinder IC engine 2024-28-0001

With the increasing pursuit of comfort in mobility, NVH characteristics are becoming more important than ever. Achieving a benchmark beating NVH behavior involves optimizing source, transfer paths as well as target location mechanical characteristics. In ICE vehicles, powertrain accounts for a major source of noise and vibration. This work encompasses NVH refinement strategies for a single-cylinder compression ignition engine. The work starts with setting target values for NVH characteristics based on competitive benchmark data analysis. A complete development strategy involving extensive testing and CAE correlation is presented here. Contribution analysis in the component level for optimization of NVH behavior is carried out by employing NVH testing in an anechoic chamber supported by CAE simulations. This paper describes the later phases of the entire development process which are decisive for engine NVH; the combustion and mechanical development phase and the NVH development and refinement phase. To optimize engine acoustical performance, experimental identification and localization of noise sources were performed at different speeds and loads. The correlation of noise to structural vibrations and resonances was established and the design matured using simulation and proved with experimental validation to achieve the set targets. Deep-down analysis of various powertrain components was done to reduce source noise and vibrations. CAE models were created for design optimizations which were validated using test results. Force analysis was performed, and the balancer shaft was designed to reduce inertial forces causing vibration as net unbalanced forces are always a concern in single-cylinder engines. Finally, complete validation of the powertrain accommodating all the optimizations is done in semi anechoic testbench as well as in the vehicle.

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