STANDARD METHODS OF APPLYING THE SCLEROSCOPE
A statement is made of nine items suggested by the Iron and Steel Division of the Society for consideration with reference to securing greater uniformity in practice when making precision hardness-tests with the scleroscope. Plumbness of the instrument is an important factor and lateral vibrations have a bad effect; these are discussed and surface smoothness of the test-specimen is considered in relation to its effect on accuracy.
Other factors treated are the influence of metal-scale on scleroscope readings, the condition of the hammer diamond, and the effect of the mass of the test-specimen. Extreme under-weight specimens, inert and over-weight masses, the effect of hardness on mass and the effect of thickness of the test-specimen receive consideration, together with points concerning testing near test-specimen edges, the effect of curved surfaces and how test-specimens are held. A lengthy comparison between Brinell and scleroscope hardness-testing is made. The paper presents photographs and illustrative charts.