Aluminum-Alloy Pistons in Gasoline and Oil Engines 280016
COMPROMISES are necessary in designing a piston, sacrificing the quality of least importance under the given conditions. Aluminum alloy is seen as a most desirable material because of its high conductivity and low rate of absorbing heat from hot gases.
Aluminum-alloy pistons are now made for oil engines with bores up to 18 in., as well as for small gasoline engines, those described in this paper having their expansion controlled by steel bands embedded in the aluminum but not bonded thereto. Slots cast in the piston allow for linear expansion of the alloy without a corresponding increase in piston diameter and change in cylinder clearance.
Advantages of strut-type pistons are shown by thermal diagrams. Illustrations show large pistons and engines in which they are used. Cores and steel inserts for producing such pistons are shown also.