1942-01-01

Design Features of the JUNKERS 211B AIRCRAFT ENGINE 420123

THE Junkers 211B engine follows the usual German practice of very large displacements and conservative mean effective pressures and rotative speeds. However, the relative light weight per unit of displacement results in a net weight per horsepower that is not far above its competitors.
Fully automatic devices which control propeller speed, manifold pressure, mixture ratio, spark advance, and supercharger gear ratio follow the German policy of removing all possible distractions from the pilot.
This is one of three large liquid-cooled engines known to be produced in quantity in Germany; it powers an impressive percentage of the Luftwaffe. While of external appearance and displacement that resemble the Daimler-Benz DB-601 engine, the fundamental construction, detail design practice, and metallurgy of the Junkers 211B are surprisingly different.
With a few notable exceptions the materials analyzed betrayed little shortage of alloying elements, contents of these constituents averaging close to American aircraft practice.
In the main part of this paper, the authors conduct readers on a critical tour of the vitals of this complicated engine.

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