1953-01-01

Some Factors Affecting Precombustion Reactions in Engines 530241

USE of a motored engine as a convenient method for studying precombution reactions is described in this paper. Preliminary investigations of this technique were made in 1950, and this paper covers the work accomplished since then in establishing a better understanding of chemical reactions preceding knock.
Extent and type of precombustion reactions which occur in the unburned charge ahead of the flame front determine the tendency of a fuel-air mixture to knock. Use of a motored engine substitutes compression of the unburned charge by the piston for compression of the end gas by the flame front.
The buildup of knock-producing materials is considered in studies of mixture compositions and time factors. Observed precombustion reactions are related to problems concerning the adaptation of fuels to engines.

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