IN the first part of this paper, Mr. Halgren discusses modified 4-square testing of gears in relation to service performance, field tests, and other accelerated laboratory test methods. It contains a short description and photographs of nine different designs of modified 4-square gear testing machines now in use.
Description of machines includes comments on mounting rigidity, mass-elastic system, load application, measurement and control, shut-off devices, and lubrication.
Mr. Wulpi discusses single-tooth fatigue testing which is used to measure the bending strength of gear teeth. One tooth at a time is tested in the manner of a cantilever beam. By successive testing, many teeth of the same gear may be tested, and endurance limits obtained if desired.
Results of these tests show that it is possible to determine clearly the effect of various metallurgical factors, such as material, heat-treatment, or surface-finishing treatment upon the bending-fatigue strength of gear teeth.