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TORQUE CONVERTERS CAN BE DIFFERENT
THE paper points out the principal basic differences between hydraulic torque converters of various types.
The following designs are described and compared in terms of fundamental design and operating characteristics when combined with a typical power source for the internal-combustion engine:
Single-stage converter couplings.
Single-stage outflow stator type.
Single-stage inflow stator type.
Single-stage stationary housing high utility ratio converter.
The subjects discussed include: basic theory, vane velocity vectors and their influence on torque absorption characteristics, utility ratio, counter head, shutoff, torque equation factors affecting capacity, speed effect on capacity, effect of impeller absorption curve shape on engine speed, split torque effect on engine lug down, converter cooling, push-start devices, and cranking and braking characteristics.
Black, J. and Dundore, M., "TORQUE CONVERTERS CAN BE DIFFERENT," SAE Technical Paper 580022, 1958,
J. B. Black, M. W. Dundore
Twin Disc Clutch Co.
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