The illustrated examples of cost reductions are from actual jobs that have been, or are, in production at the author's company. The actual examples are compared to estimated alternate methods. Emphasis is placed on the possible reductions in tooling, material, direct labor, and weight. Cost reduction techniques through the utilization of the work-hardening incurred when flow-forming are also discussed.
Due to current capacity constraints, printed versions of our publications - including standards, technical papers, EDGE Reports, scholarly journal articles, books, and paint chips - may experience shipping delays of up to four to six weeks. We apologize for any inconvenience.