Previous violent controversies concerning the value of manned versus unmanned space exploration are being resolved to a significant degree. Improved understanding of man's role in space exploration and more effective means of utilizing man as a part of “automatic,” “remotely controlled,” and “directly manned” space exploration systems are evolving. The advocates of both manned and unmanned space exploration are making progress in a direction providing mutual support. As a result, an overall increase in the rate and effectiveness of the gathering of knowledge from space is likely. This paper describes current developments.