The frequent use of large transport aircraft on soft and rough airfields in or near battle zones requires that they be fitted with landing gears having increased capability for ground flotation and shock absorption.
Design and parametric studies of aircraft landing gears show feasible approaches to the problems associated with soft and rough airfields. Landing gear concepts, analytical methods, and design parameters are presented for airplanes of 110,000–750,000 lb gross weight.
Landing gear weights, sizes, and configurations are compared, and their soft and rough field capabilities are evaluated.
Structural and dynamic aspects of rough field operations are discussed for bare soil fields and for fields covered with landing mats.