Economic forecasts predict a vast expansion in the use of air transportation for cargo movement. Planning must begin now for airports, terminals, scheduling, air traffic control, etc., to meet this expansion. Also needed are new generation all-cargo aircraft, automated loading systems, intermodal delivery coordination, containerization. These elements are discussed in detail, in relation to meeting the needs of all users of air transportation (passengers, cargo, general aviation). All factors are part of the decision to develop aircraft and systems to carry cargo.