A study was made of the responses of pyrolytic gas chromatography (PGC) and the friction assessment screening test (FAST) to variations in curing conditions for a liquid, oil-modified, phenolic resin system. Both PGC, which characterizes the organic resin, and FAST, which characterizes the friction and wear properties, show systematic variations with changes in cure time and temperature. A linear relationship exists between the area of one PGC peak (phenol) and the wear as determined by the FAST procedure.A chemical kinetic model is postulated which relates the concentration of phenol produced on pyrolysis to a function of cure time and temperature. An index of cure is introduced which defines the curing conditions in terms of a single parameter. The PGC phenol peak area, FAST friction, and FAST wear correlate well with this index of cure.