The U. S. Army has an effective fuels-surveillance research and development program covering the spectrum from a greater understanding of the phenomena associated with the decontamination of military hydrocarbon fuels to the delivery of end item hardware to the troops. The program consists of both in-house and contract research. The in-house research involves independent studies and laboratory investigations in the following categories: Surface chemistry studies, materials investigations, applied decontamination technology, advanced electromechanical studies, and microbiological contamination studies. The contract research is programmed to supplement and complement the in-house independent studies. This work is directed toward the advancement of fuels surveillance technology through advanced concepts and materials development. At present, the U. S. Army Mobility Equipment Research and Development Center is monitoring one active contract titled: “Investigation of Electrokinetics and High Energy Resonance Concepts for Decontaminating Military Hydrocarbon Fuels,” with Atomics International, Canoga Park, California.To maintain a broad and continuing program and to assure the exploration of new ideas and concepts, several new research contract extensions and new contracts are proposed, including development of a bulk fuel-monitoring system and physicochemical and electrokinetic approaches for the decontamination of hydrocarbon fuels.End items of hardware either recently delivered to the military or in development include: The Military Standard Filter/Separator Family, the Fuel MONITORING System (Turbidimeter), the Multi-Product Pipeline Batch Interface Detector, and the Mobile Field Petroleum Laboratory.