1971-02-01

Effects of Lap Belt and Three-Point Restraints on Pregnant Baboons Subjected to Deceleration 710850

A series of 24 pregnant baboons was impacted under similar conditions. The only major variable was the difference in maternal restraint. The fetal death rate of 8.3% (1/12) among maternal animals impacted with three-point restraint was significantly different from five fetal deaths among 10 maternal animals impacted under lap belt restraint alone (p < 0.05). It is concluded that shoulder harness restraint should be recommended for use by pregnant travelers as being significantly more protective of fetal welfare when compared with lap belt restraint alone.

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