Mathematical Model of an Airbag for a Three-Dimensional Occupant Simulation 720036
A mathematical model of an airbag restraint system for automobile drivers, including the simulation of the simultaneous collapse of the steering column, has been developed. The model is designed to work in conjunction with a three-dimensional occupant model. It is capable of assessing the relative effects of airbag size, pressure, deployment rate, venting area, contact force, steering column collapse force, and column collapse distance. The results of the model are compared with experimental runs in which anthropometric dummies were used as test subjects. Good correlation was obtained for torso kinematics. The model can be conveniently used for a parametric study to aid the design of airbag restraint systems.