Advanced crash-impact protective equipment and techniques which have application to crew and passenger crash safety in jet transport aircraft have been evaluated. Thirty-two state-of-the-art concepts have been analyzed from a systems engineering viewpoint with respect to several engineering, psychological, and medical disciplines. In order to provide a framework to determine the function level of each concept, an event-oriented flow chart of the crash and escape event has been prepared. The 17 events occurring during a crash are included, beginning with system installation and concluding with emergency evacuation of a disabled aircraft. Performance with respect to the events on the flow chart are rated in terms of hazards of system use, maintainability, reliability, human factors, and other technological considerations.